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Título: Impact of Acacia drepanolobium (an invasive woody species) on gum-resin resources and local livelihood in Borana, Southern Ethiopia
Palabras clave: Acacia drepanolobium
Bush encroachment
Importance value index
Livelihood security
Rangeland ecology
Fecha de publicación: 31-Jul-2012
Editorial: Tropical and subtropical agroecosystems
Descripción: We investigated the impact of Acacia drepanolobium, a species threatening rangeland resources including Gum-resin production and pastoralists' livelihoods in Borana. Data were collected through vegetation surveys, key informant interviews, use of formal questionnaires and focus group discussions. We found a total of 22 woody species in the study area. A. drepanolobium was found to be the most dominant (22%) and abundant (65%) invasive woody species with an importance value index (IVI) of 103. According to our respondents, A. drepanolobium was the first widely expanded woody species followed by Dichrostachys cinerea_and A. mellifera. Eighty seven percent of our respondents ranked A. drepanolobium as the most invading woody species during their life time. Overall, our results demonstrated that the impact of A. drepanolobium had greatly affected the condition of rangeland vegetation. The implication is that the reduction in the capacity of rangelands for livestock grazing could reduce the resilience of local livelihood under changing environmental conditions. Furthermore, pastoralists' perception indicated that the expansion of A. drepanolobium had reduced the survival of Gum-resin producing species. Generally, the shift from cattle based pastoral economy to mixed livestock types could be attributed to the expansion of A. drepanolobium that forced the community to shift their mode of production. We confirmed that A. drepanolobium is an invasive indigenous woody species with multiple effects on the ecology of rangelands and on the livelihood security of pastoral communities.
Other Identifiers: http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1870-04622011000300007
Aparece en las Colecciones:Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems

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