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Título: Beidellite-nontronite clays in Neogene sediments from Cuitzeo-Charo lacustrine basin Michoacán, México: Geological setting and paleoenvironmental implications
Palabras clave: Beidellite-nontronite clays
Cuitzeo basin
lacustrine neogene palaeoenvironments
Neogene
stratigraphy
diatomite
Fecha de publicación: 9-Jul-2012
Editorial: Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana
Descripción: Lacustrine and fluviolacustrine deposits of the Charo sequence crop out extensively along tens of kilometres, and they overlie the Miocene volcanic sequences of the Mil Cumbres Complex in an E-W oriented basin. Eastwards of Morelia city (central Mexico), layers of non lithified clayey sediments of about 3 m in thickness are overlaid by massive diatomite deposits developed during the Miocene-Pliocene in the Cuitzeo palaeolake. Major outcrops are located south and east of the village of Charo at the Las Pulgas, Lomas Blancas and Tzitzimeo sites; all having similar mineralogical facies and strati graphic correlation. Field studies, petrography and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF) indicated that the parent rock was mainly of andesitic composition with minor daciticrhyolitic components. The source of the raw material was located in the upper topographic levels of the present horst-graben system. The diagenetic clays were identified as smectites. The central part of the Las Pulgas column shows a beidellite-nontronite (B-N) association. Likewise, 27A1-NMR and Móssbauer spectroscopies confirm the B-N character. Interlaid and overlying diatomite strata indicate a lacustrine environment, favourable to the development of secondary clays. The stability of lacustrine conditions gave place to an incipient stratification (smectite-illite), better developed in the middle part of the clayey levels.
Other Identifiers: http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1405-33222008000200003
Aparece en las Colecciones:Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana

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