Por favor utiliza este link para citar o compartir este documento: http://repositoriodigital.academica.mx/jspui/handle/987654321/103903
Título: Emergência de leitura de frases a partir do ensino de suas unidades constituintes
The emergence of sentence reading as stemming from teaching their constituent parts
Autores: 
Palabras clave: ensino de leitura; ensino de escrita; ensino de números; emergência de leitura de frases; discriminação condicional; equivalência de estímulos
reading teaching; writing teaching; numerals teaching; emergence of sentence reading; conditional discrimination; stimuli equivalence
Fecha de publicación: 3-Oct-2012
Editorial: Facultad de Estudios Superiores. Iztacala
Descripción: Ensinar apenas palavras garante leitura de textos mais complexos? Não seria necessário um repertório mínimo de leitura de frases? Considerando essas questões, esse trabalho procurou ensinar crianças a ler e escrever palavras substantivadas, a nomear números, numerais e quantidades, cores e nomes de cores e, em situação de teste, ler “frases” compostas por esses elementos. Participaram 17 crianças, entre seis e oito anos, da primeira série de uma escola pública. Destas, 11 crianças passaram pelo procedimento de ensino (Grupo Experimental) e seis não passaram pelo procedimento (Grupo Controle). As classes de respostas foram ensinadas utilizando procedimento computadorizado de discriminação condicional. No Teste de leitura, as palavras substantivadas, os números, numerais e quantidades, cores e nomes de cores ensinados foram testados conjuntamente, formando frases, cujo desempenho não foi consequenciado. Um Teste de Equivalência de Agrupamento verificou se a leitura era realizada com significado. Das 11 crianças, seis leram com 100% de acerto as frases apresentadas. Uma criança leu com 100% de acerto o primeiro e segundo conjuntos e duas crianças leram o primeiro conjunto, também com 100% de acerto. O estudo mostrou que é possível, após o ensino de palavras substantivadas isoladas, produzir a emergência de leitura de frases com compreensão.
Is teaching just words sufficient to ensure reading more complex texts? Wouldn’t it be also necessary to have a basic repertoire of sentence reading? Taking these questions as a starting point, it has been chosen as an aim to teach students to read and write words, to identify numerals and color names, and in test circumstances to read “sentences” made out of such elements. After teaching words, numerals, and color names separately, these elements have been grouped in order to make sentences which, in test circumstances, have been presented to the participants to read. At this stage, called grouping, no experimental consequence has been presented to the participant. By means of this procedure, one aimed to check if teaching classes of stimuli separately would generate, once grouped, the emergence of a broader repertoire, namely sentence reading. Seventeen first grade children of both sexes, aged from six and seven years, took part in that research. Such students belonged to a public, state school, situated in a city in south Brazil. The participants have been selected for the experimental group based on the scores obtained by means of the application of a preliminary test that evaluated the relations AB, AC, AE, CE, CD, BC, and CB of words, numerals, and color names; the students who presented the lowest scores of correct answers have been chosen. The other participants of the preliminary test took part in the control group; they have been evaluated also in an intermediary test and in a final test of reading. At the inter–test periods, only children in the experimental group took part in the teaching procedure. The research took place at the school library, on a reading desk. Two notebooks have been used, along with multimedia devices, and the educational software Mestre@. The classes of responses of reading and writing nouns as well as the classes of identifications of numerals and color names have been taught by means of a procedure of conditional discrimination through the exclusion of already known stimuli. Model and comparison stimuli as well as experimental contingencies have been presented also through the computer programs. In the reading test words, numerals and color names have all been jointly tested, forming sentences, whose performance didn’t result in any consequences. One grouping equivalence test has been performed to check if reading was being done meaningfully. Out of 11 children, six have read the presented sentences with 100 percent of accuracy. One child has read with 100 percent of accuracy the first and second sets, and two children have read the first set with 100% accuracy, too. Two children dropped out about halfway the research. This research showed that it is possible, after teaching isolated words, to provoke the emergence of sentence reading with comprehension.
Other Identifiers: http://revistas.unam.mx/index.php/acom/article/view/28047
Aparece en las Colecciones:Acta Comportamentalia: Revista Latina de Análisis del Comportamiento

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